Previous studies have noted the presence of an early postprandial peak in plasma triacylglycerol concentrations following successive fat-rich meals. An earlier study has shown that the triacylglycerol in this early peak originates from a previous meal. The present study was performed to investigate the effects of different second meals on the plasma triacylglycerol response. Six healthy subjects were studied on four occasions each. At 5 h following a fat-rich breakfast they ingested one of the following in a balanced design: a fat-rich meal, a low-fat meal, water or nothing by mouth. Blood samples were taken for 2.5 h following the second meal. An early peak in chylomicron and plasma triacylglycerol concentrations was seen following both low-fat and fat-rich second meals but not following water. During studies investigating postprandial lipaemia, further meals must be avoided, even if they contain no fat, although water may be allowed.
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