Two-sided dorsal plus ventral oral graft bulbar urethroplasty: long-term results and predictive factors.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE To evaluate long-term outcomes of the 2-sided dorsal plus ventral oral graft (DVOG) urethroplasty by preserving the narrow urethral plate in tight bulbar strictures and investigate which factors might influence long-term outcomes. METHODS This is a single-center retrospective study of 166 patients who underwent DVOG urethroplasty for tight bulbar strictures by a single surgeon (E.P.) between 2002 and 2013. The strictured urethra was opened ventrally; the exposed urethral plate was incised in the midline and augmented dorsally and ventrally using 2 oral grafts. Outcome was considered a failure when any postoperative instrumentation was needed. According to stricture length, patients were classified in 3 groups as follows: ≤1.5 cm (group 1), >1.5 and ≤3.9 cm (group 2), and ≥4 cm (group 3). Time to failure was analyzed using Kaplan-Meier estimates and Cox regression. RESULTS Median follow-up was 47 months (interquartile range, 33-95.5 months). Of the 166 patients, 149 (89.8%) were successful and 17 (10.2%) were failures. Most of the failures (90%) were observed during the first 5 years of follow-up; afterward, the success rate remained stable. The stricture length was a significant predictor of surgical outcome (odds ratio, 1.743 per cm; confidence interval, 1.2-2.5; P <.001); patients with a urethral stricture ≥4 cm presented a higher risk of late failure. Age, stricture etiology, and previous treatment were not significant predictors of surgical outcome. CONCLUSION With long-term follow-up, the treatment of tight bulbar strictures using a 2-sided DVOG urethroplasty showed a high success rate. The stricture length is an independent predictor of failure.

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